Halifax is a city steeped in history. Its original inhabitants were the Mi’kmaq First Nations, but the city was settled by the British in 1749. The Halifax Citadel, completed by the British military in 1856, is a national historic site, and several buildings downtown date back 250 years or more. The Citadel was built to fend off an American threat to Canada that never materialized, and the fort (or city) has never come under attack. The port of Halifax was the first stop for many European immigrants, and if your grandparents or parents arrived in Canada between 1928 and 1971, they most likely came through Pier 21 before heading off to other parts of Canada. When the Titanic sank, rescue operations came out of Halifax and the bodies that were retrieved came here (many are buried at Fairview Lawn Cemetery, where there is a special memorial).