Founded by Juan de Garay in 1580, this is the original center of the city. The city's first monument, Pirámide de Mayo, is situated at its center. Important institutions flank the plaza: the Casa Rosada (President's Pink House), Banco de la Nación (Nation's Bank), Catedral Metropolitana and Cabildo (Town Hall). Internationally known for the Madres de la Plaza de Mayo, women gather here in a silent vigil, every Thursday at 3p to claim justice for their "disappeared" during the military rule in the 1980s.
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