Located downtown in the Largo de São Francisco, this church has an interesting history. It was the site of many imperial events, including the 1822 mass dedicated to the country's conversion from colony to kingdom and the mass celebrating Brazil's adoption of its first constitution in 1831. Pope Pius X dedicated one of the chapels to the defeat of the Turks by Christian forces in the 16th century. Visitors will find its colonial exterior and ornate interior fascinating. Sculptures done by Mestre Valentim and paintings by the slave Manoel da Cunha.
- Nearest Train: Carioca