The oldest and most important square in historic Prague, dating from before the 12th Century, it was originally a marketplace where merchants from all over Europe gathered. The square has witnessed many events of historical importance including the execution of 27 Bohemian squires in 1621 and the installation of the new city council in 1784 after the five districts of Prague were united. It was also the epicenter of the Prague Uprising in May 1945. The Hus Monument (1915) stands in the square's center. The monument is surrounded by a baroque mantle of some of the city's finest buildings (all of great historic and architectural interest) colored in pastel hues. Nowadays, the square is closed to traffic and serves as the setting for many outdoor restaurants, bars and cafes as well as for stalls selling traditional Czech arts and crafts.
- Nearest Train: Mustek (Lines A,B), Staromestska (Line A)