The graceful Church of San Sebastiano, which stands a few steps from Cala, the oldest port in town, was built next to the old city walls between 1515 and 1562. The elegance of its facade is an expression of Renaissance harmony and balance. The interiors also have Renaissance characteristics and red marble pillars with fancy capitals. Regrettably, the beautiful fresco paintings which entirely cover the walls and the ceiling with bright baroque shapes and colors still show the damages from World War II. The finest ones, works by Vito D’Anna (1759), are in the transept: “Mosè tra gli Ebrei” (Moses among the Jews) on the left and “Sansone che abbatte le colonne del tempio” (Samson Destroying the Temple’s Columns) on the right. The celebrated sculptor Giacomo Serpotta did the stucco decoration of the chapels in 1692, whereas the architect Andrea Palma designed the baroque decoration of the vaulted ceiling and of the octagonal dome. The floor and the altars are richly decorated with polychrome marble inlays, as is typical of Sicilian baroque.
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