Better known as Palermo's famous Four Cantons, this square is located at the intersection of Via Maqueda and Corso Vittorio Emanuele and separates the four zones of the 17th-century city. This square is the fruit of the clever urban renovations that attempted to hide the poverty of the population behind the imposing facades of the buildings along the city's two main arteries. Throughout the 17th Century, besides being the center of city life, it was the preferred place for locals to stroll about. In the last few years, thanks to the refurbishments mandated by a new regulatory plan, the square has been revitalized after a long period of decay and neglect. Each canton has three architectural levels, corresponding to the three orders of Doric, Ionic and Composite, and at the bottom of each are the allegories of the seasons: Autumn to the north, Winter to the east, Spring to the south and Summer to the west. In the middle are the statues of four different Spanish monarchs, respectively, Filippo IV, Filippo III, Carlo V e Filippo II and above are the four patron saints of their respective neighborhoods: St. Oliva (Loggia), St. Agata (Kalsa), St. Cristina (Albergheria) and St. Nymph (Capo).
Attractions & Landmarks