Also known as simply 'La Statua' (The Statue), the Monumento ai Caduti is a scenographic end to the 19th-century Via Libertà, being the most characteristic architecture of the zone. Erected between 1910 and 1911 on a design by the famous architect Ernesto Basile, it originally commemorated the unification of Sicily to Italy, especially the struggle for Palermo. This started with the entrance of Garibaldi’s troops in the town on May 27, 1860, during which the Bourbon ships bombed Palermo. On the wide marble stairs sit two bronze female figures by Antonio Ugo representing “La Sicilia che si ricongiunge alla Madre Patria” (Sicily reunites with it Mother Land), whereas the elegant reliefs on the lateral panels, by Gaetano Geracy and designed by E. Basile, represent “La Lotta” (The Fight) and “Il Trionfo Popolare” (The Triumph of the People). After World War I a statue of “Vittoria” (Victory), by sculptor Mario Rutelli, was set on the top of the 28 meters (92 feet) tall obelisk. In 1931, during the fascist regime, an imposing and elegant arcade was added by Basile, and the whole monument was dedicated to those who fell during the war.
Attractions & Landmarks