Parma's cathedral is dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary. It is one of the most typical local Romanesque buildings of its time. Today the façade has a pointed roof with two slopes, and is decorated with three orders of loggia. There are three portals, and the main one was built by Giambono da Bissone in 1281, reusing earlier reliefs representing the months in the arch. These reliefs can be attributed to an earlier master who also carved the capitals in the central aisle. The Duomo is divided into three aisles and a transept with side chapels ending in apses, and divided by pillars with galleries reserved for women. The transept, which also has an apse, is crowned by a dome which was decorated by Correggio in the 16th Century. The internal decoration includes some sculptural pieces of notable interest in the capitals (in the nave), in the ladies' galleries, in the tomb slabs (which were discovered recently and are located in the fifth chapel on the right at the moment), and in the lions (located behind the façade). Parma's Duomo was created and built as a political-religious expression, and is typical of the religious buildings located along the Via Romea (which was represented by Via Emilia in this part of Padania). It was an obligatory stop for pilgrims and crusaders.
- Open Hours: Monday to Saturday from 12:00 PM to 02:30 PM, Monday to Saturday from 06:00 PM to 11:30 PM, Sunday from 06:00 PM to 10:30 PM
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