The second king of Italy, Umberto I, was known as the Good King and is commemorated in a 15-meter-high bronze statue standing on a marble plinth in Villa Borghese. The site chosen as the villa was known as Villa Umberto from 1900-1944. Umberto's son, Vittorio Emanuele III had the statue raised in the villa that he had bought and donated to the Commune of Rome in 1903. The design and production of the statue was a long and difficult business for the sculptor Davide Calandra, and the cause of his death. Commissioned in 1906, the work was continued by Edoardo Rubino, Calandra's pupil, after his master's death, exactly according to Calandra's drawings. Production was halted during World War I but 20 years after the start of the works, Monumento a Umberto I was inaugurated in the park. Umberto I is shown on horseback with the personification of Italy low on the left crying for the king killed by the anarchist Gaetano Bresci on July 29, 1900. Other figures symbolizing compassion and bravery in battle are shown in bas-reliefs on the base.
Attractions & Landmarks