Fenestrelle fort is Piedmont's Great Wall. It was designed by Ignazio Bertola to defend the city from the French. The linear structure is based on three forts (San Carlo, Tre Denti and delle Valli) and five redoubts. These are connected by a covered stairway 1.5 kilometres long that has over 4000 steps (unique in Europe). Begun in 1728, construction only ended 122 years later in 1850 and had occupied the thoughts of seven Savoyard rulers. The result was an unassailable fort 3 kilometres long and based on a change in level of 635 metres. It covered an area of 1,350,000 square metres. The San Carlo Project Association that proposed its restoration offers guided tours of Fenestrelle fort. The shortest explores the weapons square and the palaces of Fort San Carlo. The 3 hour tour climbs a section of the covered stairway to reach the Tre Denti fort and passes by the splendid view at the Garitta del Diavolo. The most attractive route, however, is the visit that lasts all day.
Attractions & Landmarks