Named for the wife of German Emperor Wilhelm II, the Augusta Victoria complex was intended to be a hospice for malaria patients and a hostel for pilgrims. It was dedicated in 1910 and remains a distinctive Jerusalem landmark. For a small fee, you can climb its 200 step tower for an excellent view of Jerusalem (an elevator goes almost to the top as well). Do not miss the ceiling mosaics and paintings, including one of Kaiser Wilhelm and Augusta Victoria with the German Crusader kings. The church also has a pneumatic organ, possibly the oldest in the Middle East.
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